Executive Power - Constitutional Organs
The Constitution has conferred extensive executive powers on the President. The executive power of the Union of India is vested in him.
He is the head of the Indian Republic. All executive functions are executed in the name of the President, authenticated in such manner as may be prescribed by rules to be made by the President (Article 77).
He has power to appoint the Prime Minister and on his advice other Ministers of the Union, the Judges of the Supreme Court, and the High Courts, the Governors of the States, the Attorney-General, the Comptroller and Auditor-General, the Chairman and Members of the Public Service Commission, the Members of the Finance Commission and Official Commissions, Special Officer for Scheduled castes and Scheduled Tribes, Commission to report on the administration of Scheduled Areas, Commission to investigate into the conditions of backward classes, Special Officer for Linguistic minorities.
The above-mentioned official holds their office during the pleasure of the President. This means that he has the power to remove them from their post. This power, however, to be exercised subject to the procedure prescribed by the Constitution. It is, however, to be noted that he has to exercise his executive powers on the advice of the Council of Ministers.
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