Henry Fayol 14 Henry Fayol 14 

Henry Fayol 14

1.Principle of Division of Work : According to this principle the whole work must be divided into small tasks or units and instead of assigning the whole work to one person one task or unit of work should be assigned to one person according to the capability, qualification and experience of the person. When the person is performing a part of job again and again he will become perfect and specialized in doing that and efficiency level will improve.

2.Principle of Authority and Responsibility :  Authority means power to take decision. Responsibility means obligation to complete the job assigned on time. According to this principle there must be balance or parity between the authority and responsibility. Excess of authority without matching responsibility may bring negative results and excess of respon – sibility without matching authority will not allow the worker to complete his job on time. There is need to bring parity between both for best results.

3.Principle of Discipline : Discipline refers to general rules, regulations for systematic working in an orgainsation. Fayol insists that discipline is required at superior as well as subordinate level. The discipline rules shall not be applicable only on subordinates but discipline requires good superiors at every level, clear and fair agreement between superior and subordinates.

4.Principle of Unity of Command : According to this principle an employee should receive orders from one boss only because if he is receiving orders from more than one boss then he will get confused and will not be able to understand that whose orders must be executed first and on the other hand, if employee is receiving orders from more bosses he gets chance to give excuses by saying that he was busy in executing the orders of other boss. To avoid confusion and to give no chance of excuse to employee, the orders must come from one boss only.

Also Read: What is Bureaucratic Approach

5.Unity of Direction : According to this principle “one unit means one plan”, that is the efforts of all the members and employees organization must be directed towards one direction that is the achievement of common goal. If this principle is applied it leads coordination. Each department and a group having common objective must have one head and one plan only.

6.Subordination of Individual Interest to General Interest : According to this principle the interest of organization must supersede the interest of individual or employees. In the organization all the employees are working with some objective and there is always an objective of organisation. If the objective of individual are in the same direction of organisation then there is no problem but if the objectives of both the groups are in different directions then manager must try to reconcile individual interest with orgainsational goal and if it is not possible then individual goal must be sacrificed for achieving organizational goal.

7.Principle of remuneration of person : According to this principle employees in the orgainsation must be paid fairly or adequately to give then maximum satisfaction. The remuneration must be just and fair because if employees are underpaid they will not be satisfied and an unsatisfied person can never contribute his maximum. Dissatisfaction will lead to increase in employees’s turn-over.

8.Principle of centralization and decentralization : Centralisation refers to concentration of authority or power in few hands at the top level. Decentralization means evenly distribution of power at every level of management. According to Fayol a company must not be completely centralized or completely decentralized but there must be combination of both depending upon the nature and size of the orgainsation.

9.Principle of scalar chain : Scalar chain means line of authority or chain of superiors from highest to lowest rank. Fayol insists that this chain must be followed strictly in the orgainsation. Every information must pass through every key of this chain, no skipping of any one key should be allowed.

Also Read: Write a short note on neo-classical or human relation approach to management.

10.Principle of order : In this principle order does not means command but it refers to orderly arrangement of men and material that is a fixed place for everything and everyone in the orgainsation. Fayol insists that there must be a fixed place to keep every material and thing used in the orgainsation and fixed place or seat of cabin for every employee of the orgainsation so that no time and energy is wasted in search of any material or any person.

11.Principle of equity : Equity refers to kind, fair and just treatment to employees. Employees will put their maximum efforts only when they are treated with kindness and justice. If a manager is biased in dealing with employees then employees will get dissatisfied and will not contribute to their maximum capacity.

12.Stability of tenure of personnel : It refers to no frequent termination and transfer. According to this principle the management must provide the feeling of job security among the employees because with the feeling of insecure for the job, the employees cannot contribute their maximum. Frequent turnover of employees is bad for organization and such decision must be taken when they are almost unavoidable.

13.Principle of Initiative : Initiative refers to chalking out the plan and then implementing the same. Fayol suggested that employee in the organization must be given an opportunity to take some intiative in making and executing a plan. It gives immense satisfaction to employee. So managers must welcome the suggestions and idea of employees before framing the plan.

14.Principle of Esprit De Corps :  Esprit De Corps means union is strength. Fayol empasised on the team work. He suggested that every employee in the organization must consider him as a part or member of a team and try to achieve the team goal because team contribution is always better and more than individual contribution. Management must develop a feeling of belongingness among the employees as they must feel themselves as members of orgainsation’s team and contribute maximum to achieve team’s goal.

Henry Fayol 14 Henry Fayol 14 Henry Fayol 14 Henry Fayol 14 Henry Fayol 14 Henry Fayol 14 

Henry Fayol 14

Henry Fayol 14 Henry Fayol 14 Henry Fayol 14 Henry Fayol 14 Henry Fayol 14 Henry Fayol 14 

By Hassham

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