Parliament - Constitutional Organs
Parliament of India consists of three organs. The President, the Council of States (the Rajya Sabha) and the House of the People (the Lok Sabha). Though President is not a member of either House of Parliament yet, like the British Crown, he is an integral part of the Parliament and performs certain functions relating to its proceedings. The President of America is not an integral part of the Legislature. In India, the President summons the two Houses of Parliament, dissolves the House of People and gives assent of Bills.
It is to be noted that, though the Indian Constitution provides for the parliamentary form of Government but unlike Britain, the Parliament is not supreme under the Indian Constitution. In India, the Constitution is supreme. In England, laws passed by the parliament cannot be declared unconstitutional while the Indian Constitution expressly vests this power in the courts. The Indian Parliament is the creature of the Constitution and derives all its powers from the Constitution. It is not a sovereign body.
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