Procedure for Studying Deviants
List the norms of the society or group;
Study official records kept on persons who violate these rules;
Try to discover the ways in which deviants and nondeviants differ to determine sociocultural conditions that seem to make deviant behavior more likely;
Try to derive a theory to explain the deviance and apply the theory for the correction and prevention of deviance.
Strength of the approach is the sharpness and simplicity with which it phrases questions.
Weaknesses of approach is that in a heterogeneous society, people often do not agree on norms; it is not easy to identify deviants since some get caught and others do not; social control agencies operate with selective enforcement so that some categories of people are more likely to be punished for their deviance.
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